Citizen Power

Postwar Reconciliation

Yasuko Claremont

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Format: paperback
234 pages
ISBN: 9780959226928

Publication: 20 Jun 2017

Publisher: The Oriental Society of Australia

The year 2015 marked the seventieth anniversary of the end of the Asia–Pacific War. From 30 September to 2 October, the Department of Japanese Studies at the University of Sydney held a commemorative international conference entitled Wounds, Scars, and Healing: Civil Society and Postwar Pacific Basin Reconciliation, the concluding conference of our five-year project on postwar grassroots reconciliation. In conjunction with the conference, we held a photographic exhibition on the theme of reconciliation, a grassroots workshop, screened the 1953 film Hiroshima, and promoted the performance of a new Noh play in English entitled Oppenheimer. These events celebrated postwar reconciliation with a special focus on civil peace movements. The word ‘celebrated’ may seem inappropriate because Japan has still not achieved reconciliation with China and Korea for atrocities committed against their people. Nevertheless, we believe that efforts being made by civil groups should be acknowledged for their success in bringing about reconciliation at a face-to-face level. That is the purpose of this book featuring grassroots images in postwar reconciliation.

The photographs have been taken from the exhibition, with some additions. Though these photographs were taken privately, not professionally, they bring to light the unity and determination of small civic groups in Japan who are reaching out and creating new fields of friendship and understanding with their counterparts in other countries.

Foreword Utsumi Aiko
Contributors of photographs, and organisations
Introduction Yasuko Claremont

Part 1 Testaments

1. The determination of Japanese ex-soldiers to apologise
My father’s dying wish: Legacies of war guilt in a Japanese family
Association of Returnees from China (Chūkiren), ChibaAzuma Shirō (1912–2006)
2. The Thai–Burma Railway
Nagase Takashi and Eric Lomax
Yi Hak-Nae, ‘Weary’ Dunlop and Tom Uren
3. Reconciliation through mutual understanding
‘Hap’ Halloran and Kaihō Hideichi
Humane POW camp commanders
—Kamaishi Camp and Fukuoka No. 2 Camp
4. Article 9 memorial monument
Part 2 Reaching out in understanding and friendship
5. Individual reconciliation
Mori Shigeaki and Captain Thomas Cartwright
Onogi Yoshiyuki and Malay Peninsula Peace Cycle (MPPC)
Saotome Katsumoto and The Centre of the Tokyo Raids and War Damage
Lewis Hill, and Ishizuka Shōichi • Yōko at Naoetsu POW Camp site
Keiko Holmes and the Agape Foundation
6. Civil society reconciliation
Bridge for Peace
NPO Chūkiren Peace Memorial Hall and Muno Takeji
Dialogue Netherlands–Japan–Indonesia (Taiwa no kai)
POW Research Network Japan
Women’s Active Museum (WAM)
7. State reconciliation
Resolving the ‘comfort women’ issues
Foreign Affairs Ministry’s invitation program for ex-POWs’ visits to Japan
Japanese cemetery in Cowra, Australia
Sandakan Memorial Service, Malaysia
8. Judicial cases
Unpaid forced labourers’ wages at Ōeyama mine
Women’s War Crimes Trial in 2000 and tenth anniversary symposium in 2010
Atomic bomb victim card and compensation—Willy Buchel van Steenbergen
9. Memorials
Unveiling ceremony at the site of Fukuoka No. 2 POW camp
Okinawa Han no hi
Part 3 Fostering the next generation
10. Involving youth
Korean forced labourers’ remains returning home
A school project: First prize for history
Searching for the B-29 crash site, by the ‘Nagasaki Eight’
My great grandfather’s will
11. Visiting war memorial sites
Youth camp at Maizuru
Japanese students visit Fushun War Criminals Management Centre
Japanese War Cemetery at Cowra
12. Japanese children meeting ex-POWs
William Shumitt, Australian ex-POW
Russell Ewin, Australian ex-POW
Robert Ehrhart, American ex-POW
Part 4 Ibaragi Noriko’s poem The Tale of Liu Lianren
Part 5 Summation
13. Postwar reconciliation
Wartime indoctrination and conformism
Lack of a sense of responsibility for war
The power of understanding and friendship
Transferring genuine knowledge to future generations
14. Pre-conference grassroots workshop and the conference
Relations between Australia and Japan
Wounds, Scars, and Healing: Civil Society and Postwar Pacific Basin Reconciliation conference
Hiroshima and Oppenheimer
About the author

Format: paperback
Size: 240 × 170 × 12 mm
234 pages
Copyright: © 2017
ISBN: 9780959226928
Publication: 20 Jun 2017